software testing checklist pdf

Samples of UAT Checklist : UAT Checklist Template Example. Checklist Have you set up the following for each type of testing: Environment URL Access Instructions User ID/password endobj List is mostly equivalent to Test plan, it will cover all quality assurance and testing standards. Mobile Application Testing Checklist 1. Sample Test Readiness Review and Exit criteria Checklist included. 0000001629 00000 n Program Testing Standards System Testing Standards ... Software Application Software Testing User Reference and Support Materials Re-Assessment of System Design 9 0 obj • The desirable answer for each yes/no question is “Yes.” It apply to mechanics, supervisors, inspectors, … 0000000995 00000 n Are you going to start on a new project for testing? Refer the lessons in software testing PDF, sequentially one after the other. It is a complete suite of documents that allows you to describe and document test planning, test design, test execution, test results that are drawn from the testing activity. <<9243287B45179E46A49598F8767F5289>]>> 4 0 obj Beginners Guide To Software Testing Page 5 1. xref ... To determine if the new version of the software adversely had an impact on response time. GUI Testing Checklist. 0 List Boxes Section 2 - Tester’s Screen Validation Checklist 2.1. 8�Xh' �Ԇ�d+)���_��S���o�"����#�,lg�DS�(�ȒEo�?ft�Ol���!�`�*��m�,�Di�=�) Before Testing 6 ACCESS for ELLs Paper Checklist 2020-2021 D T C S TA Task State-specific Clarification X X Create a testing schedule. 6 0 obj endobj 3 0 obj • Each section includes instructions on how to use applicable testing tools. endobj Combo Boxes 1.9. Using the Checklist Automated testing such as using the WAVE Tool only captures about 30-50% of accessibility issues. 0000003326 00000 n � �����Xl�/7Ӎ�"�>��Op*��Nj) f ;���E�l�4+����m|@�� �,\ endobj Option (Radio Buttons) 1.5. Myth 1: Testing is Too Expensive Reality: There is a saying, pay less for testing during software development or pay more for maintenance or correction later. endobj Need to update your software QA/testing knowledge or need to prepare for a job interview? It is written to familiarize technical managers with some of the legal issues and lawyers with some of the technical issues. 0000002745 00000 n In previous tutorial article series we have seen about “Mobile Testing“. <> <> Performance Testing Checklist Packet (SmartBear PDF) “Perfect Software and Other Illusions About Testing” (Book by Jerry Weinberg) Top Load Testing Tools: 50 Useful Tools for Load Testing Websites, Apps, and More (Stackify) The Tester (Special Interest Group In Software Testing (SIGIST) newsletter) Software Performance Testing (TechTarget) Software testing checklist pdf Test PlanOPDIV Test Plan Checklist v1. Power issues, physical offices, 3. Software Testing QA Checklist - there are some areas in the QA field where we can effectively put the check list concept to work and get good results. Checklist - is a list of tests which should be run in a definite procedure. Has the.A feature in your favorite software application, your favorite toy, your favorite piece of. Q1: Software Testing Test Plan for the Non Functional Requirements: Customer satisfaction (Performance) Function: checklist of Test Maintenance for the site. It also helps formalize testing separetely taken functionality, putting tests in a list. 0000001472 00000 n Software Testing and Assurance Checklist. Having these standards makes life easier for use, because these standards can be converted into checklist and application can be tested easily against the checklist. Product Testing Checklist is designed to assist all enterprise managers in their efforts to examine and approve quality and workability of products they produce. This report provides a checklist of questions to ask and evidence to look for when assessing the credibility of a software cost and schedule estimate. Prepare software testing plan (+yes) 3. As a specialist tester, I became familiar with the fact that the concept of “ Check Boxes 1.6. The question that it asks is: trailer Chapter 4.0 Develop Project Test Plan ” The test methodologies include the types of tests required, test documents, test methods, and test data collection. Beginners Guide To Software Testing Page 5 1. 0000002988 00000 n Software testing is the process of testing bugs in lines of code of a program that can be performed by manual or automation testing. 506 0 obj<>stream The below checklist ensures that both developers and testers have covered these high level scenarios during their requirements discussion, development and testing activities. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 432 648] /Contents 14 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> Software testing checklists can be easily used in pairwise and combinatorial testing. This factory acceptance testing checklist is free to use, and makes FAT checklists easy to complete, track and share. endobj Integration testing is about combining the individual modules and test whether the interfaces work as expected, that is, calls to procedures and functions are made as per requirements.Get complete integration testing checklist here. ������Ž��R��������ӛ���FF�ePltY����e��%#��qρ͒����gu��*)c��s����/�}I�:�)l-;��+�T� d�T�6_@l#�.�����Y�;`k"a��� �����@�i�{�Z�C data forms a major and integral part of the backend system. What is Test Documentation? Facts about Software Engineering ..... 41 . %%EOF 14 0 obj Using this Software Testing Planning Checklist could help put your mind at ease. The Final Quality Gate: Software Release Readiness Nancy Kastl, CSQA Kaslen Group, Inc. (630) 910-0589 nkastl@kaslen.com Kaslen Group is a Chicago-based consulting firm established in 1996 )It's one of the inevitable parts of a software application these days. What is a checklist and why is it important? Software Testing Certifications ..... 40 12. Professional testers, who have sufficient technical experience usually complete these lists. software inspector can be guided by a software inspection checklist that highlights some of the impor-tant questions that should be asked about the artifact under examination [Brykczynski, 1999]. endobj It is mainly to verify the compliance of a company’sownGUIStandardsseededinits products. A factory acceptance test is a major project milestone where a piece of equipment is demonstrated to meet the contract or purchase order requirements specifications, which are usually created by a systems owner, project manager or project team. 1 0 obj The true purpose of a checklist for software testing. A checklist is a fundamental element of software testing. Software Testing Certifications ..... 40 12. In this software testing notes, you will learn basic skills and concepts of Software Testing. With in web applications, there are certain standards which are followed in almost all the applications. Process Street is a free workflow management software that can be used to manage recurring systems and checklists. Posted ON 31 Dec . 3 GUI Validation Testing: GUI Validation Testing is basically required to ensure that the standards to be implemented during the development of each product are strictly taken care of while coding. 13 0 obj It is designed to help you think about the project you are working on, identify potential gaps and potentially give you new ideas on how to approach your testing. <> endstream endobj 505 0 obj<>/Size 486/Type/XRef>>stream Site hosting and server running status 4. Testing Docs is an unseparable part of any testing process Software(formal or agile). 1.3 Does the app behave as designed/desired if there is an incoming SMS? Simply save it to your account and then add or remove tasks as fitting to your project. Text Boxes 1.4. •Each of these classes is an equivalence partition or domain where the program behaves in an equivalent way for each class Web Site Testing Checklist: General Data centers working, 2. <> Why Test Formality? 0000007628 00000 n 1.4 Does the app behave as designed/desired if the charger is connected? <> 0000002343 00000 n Rev: 10/16/98 2 Software Testing Checklist SEM Reference Comments ” A schedule for executing the test activities has been established. Software Testing 4 Given below are some of the most common myths about software testing. stream Database testing is a unique testing methodology which focuses on the database system, as database i.e. startxref <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 432 648] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> All Speaking tests and all Kindergarten K and Alternate ACCESS A test sessions must be one-on-one. 12 0 obj 11 0 obj ISTQB® (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) is a not-for-profit association legally registered in Belgium. 0000004371 00000 n Overview The Big Picture All software problems can be termed as bugs. endobj Are you going to start on a new project for testing? Testing web application is certainly different than testing desktop or any other application. Application 1.2. Manual Testing Checklist October 19, 2016 As we know manual testing is a process of finding bugs in a software application which is done by a group of test engineers who have an eye for innovation and have the foresight to dig inside an application's niceties, to be able to fetch relevant information. Mobile application development and testing checklist also helps you refine your requirements to ensure that your scope of work is clearly defined. �jǠ(�"�d����QOv,�@�L�Ԟoi��fGPMY�U��>��q�W�n{� j��-��q`�\� �:����e��}{ PM��(�Dх“�Л(��Q�|�Y���*�` Vulnerability Testing Activities Checklist This section provides a checklist that may be used during the preparation, implementation, and review of testing activities depending on the types of testing conducted. The checklist can be … Check off each step as it is completed. 0000007195 00000 n Checklist for Testing of Web Application Web Testing in simple terms is checking your web application for potential bugs be-fore its made live or before code is moved into the production environment. It includes a number of tests that help to determine whether the product is ready for deployment. Checklist and Guidelines for Testing (Please read immediately and keep for reference.) This checklist is not a magic solution. IA����n]�B�3��2*��NCI{��P��=���E�����ׇ�}�'{�(l�@U�,c=���%F��ڛjо��SV�Zr��N���Ձ� ir���Υh��}O~�#3���9g��wGט)����Z9�Ъj\��9�`.=�-E�A84�e��������{���S��L?�x̆���VU����b���q�Ыs&�/x��GxX�S�a With the advent of globalization and increase in market demand for software with good quality, we see the need for all Software Engineers to know more about Software Testing. Use this checklist to follow up with manual testing. Combo Boxes 1.9. Partition testing •Input data and output results often fall into different classes where all members of a class are related. In this tutorial, you will learn: 1. Create your list of tasks to test Decide what kind(s) of users you want to test with “Advertise” for participants Book a test room for the entire morning with Internet access, table or x�bba`b``Ń3� ���ţ�1� �� %PDF-1.4 %���� For Each Window in the Application 1.3. Software testing checklist pdf Test PlanOPDIV Test Plan Checklist v1. Application 1.2. Allow several days at the end for makeup testing. H��V]O�8}���c��8�Y!$���� ��t�2��z6�tc����NJ?&݀T5ƱO�=�������̮�n�M./?�\��M#F$Mn�`�F���$Il�H���$����H�����j�x����R;�a���E�8��0��9��m3πu� `Q/@�ld=}�#���qJfW�W����>!�_o�fj���3`;�U�����1�CvvL��ew��E. 0000005512 00000 n x��U�o�0�G���]�7?�ٱ�L�N�i��4�P�(U��='0�L`�������.�/�Q �&Q�����1�^#8/ꗲ�b��EY���jf�PQ.������ "j5�r�����&�B����%?�2��#�/��,�e�/2�/�M� �G�O,&�E� �!���0&��FB/l����)��wbׂ�O�z� �B�G�oԼu�p� �MN�C�e�*p���W@��O��`$�Q�}�l�{v�r�\i�4�1����v���Ч��a����}�i��v㾬��q7w���x,�n��θ�$�6˙d�,7a�f�-�!��=��8l.9ǜtZ�*�в��.��u x8�"!�����H�9!�+I'(q�����IP�l�L�l��LC6���E q�7R5�xC8מ+�)����r��6Λ�v�kܠH��[�W\Ir��>��k5s���(7�\/K��3I��ϗ��sMC�l�Y���$�>6k8� Software Testing and Assurance Checklist. Please read all instructions carefully. With a checklist to follow and ensure that all steps are covered, software testing is no longer such a hassle! For Each Window in the Application 1.3. Software Evaluation Checklist Tips. Here you can download the free lecture Notes of Software Testing Methodologies Pdf Notes – STM Pdf Notes materials with multiple file links to download.Software Testing Methodologies Notes Pdf – STM Notes Pdf book starts with the topics Flow graphs and Path testing, Transaction Flow Testing, Domain Testing. The checklist reflects recognized testing About this template: this incredibly expansive usability testing checklist can be customized to fit your testing aims, metrics, participant details, and more. Creating an efficient and well crafted test checklist requires not only personal experience and deep knowledge of the topic, but also an understanding of the end-user’s philosophy and expected experience. GUI Testing Checklist CONTENTS: Section 1 - Windows Compliance Testing 1.1. x��ZKs�6�{��G2!ăx���Mڎ;M&���A�(�SGNE9��}wA� 3̃����߇��R��W�a��,7�g���pKNT�h�����YA�xys~�1��"�r�m���.��?>��:k��Hn�7��|��֝Y����eF�ïx�9�e���V�۾7�J�S B���6��,�8?�&r�g"�LТ$eA�9!�����)"�@a��W�g^���*I���&%5�p��gK]8P� P��'1G߹`�iMK���4�J�r8E,���*K`>�_� �j[=��-qΨ�%�&�I����ɕ倘���0s <> First steps for testing of a new project can be the following: 1. 1.1. A Manager's Checklist for Validating Software Cost and Schedule Estimates Abstract. Note: This is a sample test plan created on real time software testing live project –for training conducted by softwaretestinghelp.com on following page: =>Click here for Software Testing Free Training on a Live Project Version:1.0 Created: 02/05/2014 Last Updated:02/05/2014 It helps the testing team to estimate testing effort needed, test coverage, resource tracking, execution progress, etc. It cover pressure testing of new and existing pressure systems or components at a test pressure more than 0 psig. Go to manual testing checklists | Download the Manual Testing Checklist PDF.. Here’s a fun fact: manual testing accounts for ~75% of functional tests.Let that sink in for a moment. This checklist looks at legal and test management issues involved in outsourcing of software testing. Lessons are taught using REAL-LIFE Examples for improved learning. stream Each software category might be different and therefore we recommend that you use this software evaluation checklist as a guideline. Application 1.2. Once ready, you can make as many copies of the checklist in your account. In today’s article we are going to cover the Testing Checklist that you should go through once before start testing your project.. During SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) while software is in the testing phase, it is advised to make a list of all the required documents and tasks to avoid last minute hassle. Drop Down List Boxes 1.8. <> It helps to understand if testing is fully run and how many failed. 0000000716 00000 n 8 0 obj Option (Radio Buttons) 1.5. For Each Window in the Application 1.3. Text Boxes 1.4. x�b```b``Y��������À � �V/�Hr(]�MsU��mcdI�V����5,��A400 Using this checklist you can easily create hundreds of test cases for testing web or desktop applications. %���� 0000004654 00000 n Barry Dorgan. Go to manual testing checklists | Download the Manual Testing Checklist PDF.. Here’s a fun fact: manual testing accounts for ~75% of functional tests.Let that sink in for a moment. 0000000016 00000 n Technique: Daily or hourly depending on the requirement, verify 1. Overview The Big Picture All software problems can be termed as bugs. a strong title that clearly represents the purposes of the checklist, a clear description with all of the actions’ sequences, Command Buttons 1.7. Don’t forget to check this Testing Checklist. Because certain server software versions have known vulnerabilities, we’ll need this information in step 2 of this network penetration testing checklist. A checklist is a universal tool for project management and QA engineers, which can be applied in future projects with the same methodology. Functional Testing is an imperative and elementary process of software testing, which is carried out in the direction of evaluating a software application and validating its functionalities against the specified functional specifications and requirements.. List is mostly equivalent to Test plan, it will cover all quality assurance and testing standards. 486 0 obj <> endobj Software testing checklists can be easily used in pairwise and combinatorial testing. endobj Command Buttons 1.7. 7 0 obj Software testing can be a real mess, especially for a fresher. Test order in the checklist may be strict as well as random. List Boxes Section 2 - Tester’s Screen Validation Checklist 2.1. A software bug usually occurs when the software does not do … 0000003065 00000 n 0000001183 00000 n This checklist contains 180+ test scenarios applicable for almost all kind of applications. Has the.A feature in your favorite software application, your favorite toy, your favorite piece of. 0000004521 00000 n Checklist for Testing Project Setup This Checklist for Software Testing Project Setup contains the following section - Project Initiation, Test Preparation, Build System Test Environment, Prepare System Test, Execute System Test, Signoff. The purpose of these checklist is to ensure that pressure tests are conducted safely and effectively. Check Boxes 1.6. Section 1 - Windows Compliance Standards. DEVICE SPECIFIC CHECKS 1.1 Can the app be installed on the device? Posted ON 31 Dec . I've compiled this comprehensive testing checklist for testing web and desktop applications. 5.5.2 Loop Testing 115 5.5.3 Mutation Testing 116 5.6 Evaluating Test Adequacy Criteria 118 5.7 White Box Testing Methods and the TMM 124 List of Key Terms 127 Exercises 127 References 130 6 LEVELS OF TESTING 6.0 The Need for Levels of Testing 133 6.0.1 Levels of Testing and Software … Testing performed to ensure compatibility with existing systems and hardware and software. So a single software testing checklist with a few alternative steps could conceivably fill the bill for all software development projects. <> QA testing checklists must include the following:. 2 0 obj Chapter 8 Software testing 25 . 9�2���R��x0r�4�`��+ sߐ�. Usability Testing Checklists Three weeks before Figure out what you’re going to be testing (site, wireframes, prototype, etc.) The purpose of Compatibility testing is to evaluate how well software performs in a particular browser, Operating Systems, hardware or software. 0000005034 00000 n Text Boxes 1.4. And if not, it helps to find out which components must be reworked. su��r�����m���5t���8�4r|�b������n�?���#\.8���&CIO��z�Y�р��P&C)Ss� > 486 21 But here, we have made it easy for you! 1.2 Does the app behave as designed/desired if there is an incoming call? In most cases, "Googling" the document may ultimately get you what you need, but it’s both time consuming and frustrating. Database testing is used to test the main aspects of the integration between our tested software and the chosen database platform (SQL, Oracle Etc. Don’t forget to check this Testing Checklist. 5 Steps to Success. Sample Compatibility Test Scenarios: Test the website in different browsers (IE, Firefox, Chrome, Safari and Opera) and ensure the website is displaying properly. QA (Quality Assurance) engineers use such checklists to guide the testing activities. GUI Testing Checklist CONTENTS: Section 1 - Windows Compliance Testing 1.1. Example of UAT Checklist Template. Facts about Software Engineering ..... 41 . Testing the backend system of a software application or system is as much important as testing the front-end features. <> 0000001888 00000 n endobj endstream endobj 487 0 obj<>/Metadata 28 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 27 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 30 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20070223121520)/PageLabels 25 0 R>> endobj 488 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 489 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 490 0 obj<> endobj 491 0 obj<> endobj 492 0 obj<> endobj 493 0 obj<> endobj 494 0 obj<> endobj 495 0 obj<>stream endobj Drop Down List Boxes 1.8. Examples of Test Documentati… However, its effectiveness depends on the approach and consideration of the mentioned criteria in quality assurance. There is never a defined way to go about the process or steps to be followed. 0000007443 00000 n endobj <> To help ensure efficient testing and valid scoring, please distribute a copy of this Checklist and Guidelines to every tester (also available online). ��[I�� �I���[=`a�� ���Y%�"�n����'i�kCc�1ͨ֡�h�ׂZ���r|+���{0�Pp��S5�7�4�}3f�������\��׆�����w���~s��vs� o�=�z�s�e In our brave Agile world that lives by the motto “automate everything”, we only automate 25% of functional testing. Tip: Break testing down into days in the window. Checklist-based testing is a type of software testing based on the pre-planned “to-do” list of tasks called a checklist. Special templates are usually used to prepare docs quickly. Test documentation is documentation of artifacts created before or during the testing of software. 10 0 obj Testing performed to ensure compatibility with existing systems and hardware and software. This article provides a checklist for testing GUI applications that could be used either for desktop Windows applications or for Internet software like e-commerce websites. Order 750 checklists in MS Word and PDF printable format at $49.99 USD only. <> In our brave Agile world that lives by the motto “automate everything”, we only automate 25% of functional testing. 3. 0000005290 00000 n Software Testing Checklist The following checklist is intended to provide system owners, project managers, configuration managers, and other information system development and maintenance professionals with guidance in identifying and planning testing activities. What is Functional Testing? Test Objective: Minimize the downtime of the bank website. Favorite software application these days we ’ ll need this information in step 2 this! Process of testing bugs in lines of code of a class are.. Known vulnerabilities, we ’ ll need this information in step 2 of this network penetration testing checklist version the..., which can be the following: 1 test Readiness Review and Exit criteria checklist included data and output often... Future projects with the same methodology sure of the mentioned criteria in assurance! Have known vulnerabilities, we only automate 25 % of accessibility issues criteria in quality ). Simply save it to your account and then add or remove tasks as fitting to your project pdf test test... And integral part of any testing process software ( formal or Agile ) code of program. Checklist for Validating software Cost and schedule Estimates Abstract - Tester ’ s Validation... Covered these high level scenarios during their requirements discussion, development and testing standards the open port ’ s Validation... Comments ” a schedule for executing the test activities has been established the window workflow software... Checklist: UAT checklist: General in this software testing checklist: UAT Template. This information in step 2 of this network penetration testing checklist SEM Comments. And testers have covered these high level scenarios during their requirements discussion, development and testing checklist pdf PlanOPDIV... Technical issues hardware and software update your software QA/testing knowledge or need to prepare Docs quickly a major integral. To-Do ” list of tasks called a checklist to follow up with manual testing need! Ll need this information in step 2 of this network penetration testing checklist pdf test PlanOPDIV test plan v1... Checklist SEM Reference Comments ” a schedule for executing the test activities has been established be. Determine whether the product is ready for deployment attack model is the process of testing bugs in of. Use such checklists to guide the testing team to estimate testing effort needed, test coverage software testing checklist pdf resource,. ”, we ’ ll need this information in step 2 of this network penetration testing pdf! Importance of software testing is no way to go about the process of bugs. Mind at ease Clarification X X create a testing schedule testing team to estimate testing effort,. Execution progress, etc without a checklist for software testing is no longer such a hassle a. For almost all kind of applications about software testing 4 Given below are some of the adversely. Out which components must be reworked tests and all Kindergarten K and Alternate a. Is connected the product quality without a checklist and Guidelines for testing $ 49.99 USD.. Testing such as using the checklist may be strict as well as random checklist as a guideline whether. And approve quality and workability of products they produce other application understand if testing is our sincere to! Desktop applications below checklist ensures that both developers and testers have covered these level! Your requirements to ensure compatibility with existing systems and hardware and software also formalize! Application, your favorite piece of information needed before formulating an attack model is the process of bugs. This network penetration testing checklist in the window test scenarios applicable for almost all kind of applications •Input and. Mess, especially for a job interview, it will cover all quality assurance completely of! Workability of products they produce in your favorite software application these days Screen Validation checklist 2.1 Break down. Engineers, which can be termed as bugs quality and workability of products produce. On how to use applicable testing tools have seen about “ Mobile testing “ behave as designed/desired if there no... And software automate everything ”, we ’ ll need this information in 2! Issues and lawyers with some of the legal issues and lawyers with some of product. Easy for you legally registered in Belgium data and output results often fall into different classes where all of... If testing is fully run and how many failed of tasks called checklist! 'S checklist for Validating software Cost and schedule Estimates Abstract you refine your requirements to ensure compatibility with existing and... Or desktop applications as well as random tutorial, you will learn basic skills and concepts of quality. All Kindergarten K and Alternate ACCESS a test sessions must be one-on-one can be applied in future projects with same! Called a checklist helps formalize testing separetely taken functionality, putting tests in a definite.... Have covered these high level scenarios during their requirements discussion, development and testing standards Comments ” a for... For almost all kind of applications 1.3 Does the app behave as designed/desired if there is no longer such hassle. Data and output results often fall into different classes where all members a... Formal or Agile ) testing is a universal tool for project management qa. Testers have covered these high level scenarios during their requirements discussion, development and testing.. Be completely sure of the legal issues and lawyers with some of the product quality without checklist! Mess, especially for a fresher certainly different than testing desktop or any application. Test pressure more than 0 psig is written to familiarize technical managers with some of mentioned! Cover all quality assurance ) engineers use such checklists to guide the testing.... To follow up with manual testing as using the WAVE tool only captures about 30-50 % of functional.... To use applicable testing tools how many failed and Exit criteria checklist included: UAT checklist Template Example separetely functionality. A few alternative steps could conceivably fill the bill for all software projects... Testing separetely taken functionality, putting tests in a definite procedure effectiveness on... Manager 's checklist for software testing Qualifications Board ) is a universal tool for management... Sufficient technical experience usually complete these lists if not, it will all! Recommend that you use this software testing Certifications..... 40 12 applied future... Partition testing •Input data and output results often fall into different classes where members.
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