She argued that access to contraception was the best way to prevent unwanted pregnancies, particularly among working class people who often couldn’t afford another mouth to feed, but who also had no means to afford sex … Their original birth-control clinic—designed to educate women about the few methods of birth control available to them—was founded three years later, in the working-class Holloway district of London. The BBC history page dedicated to Marie Stopes introduces her as a “campaigner for women’s rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning” and says nothing negative about her. In 1922, a Roman Catholic doctor Halliday Sutherland wrote a book Birth Control attacking Stopes for her support of the cervical cap. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Her failed marriage and its eventual annulment in 1916 played a large role in determining her future career, causing her to turn her attention to the issues of sex, marriage, and childbirth and their meaning in society. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). AUTHORITIES. Hall, ‘Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004) (subscription required: accessed 14 Oct 2020) Ruth Hall, Marie Stopes: A Biography (London, 1977) June Rose, Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution (London,1992) Marie Stopes, advocate of birth control who, in 1921, founded the United Kingdom’s first instructional clinic for contraception. Below are references indicating presence of this name in another database or other reference material. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Her parents were both well-educated with successful careers: her father, Henry Stopes, was an architect, and her mother, Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, was a Shakespeare expert who had been the first female graduate of a Scottish university. Published 12 Jan 2012. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. It also provided tips for sex and contraception. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. Married Love or Love in Marriage is a book by British academic Marie Stopes. It is worth noting she was opposed to abortion. She was the founder of British family planning, and fought many battles in print with those whose opinions differed … However, Stopes also was a staunch supporter of eugenics, and she advocated for eugenic birth control, wherein inferior women of the lower classes would be prevented from having children. The BBC history page dedicated to Marie Stopes describes her as a: ‘campaigner for women’s rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning’ and says nothing negative about her. In the meantime she wrote Married Love and Wise Parenthood (both 1918), which were widely translated. Her work went a long way to changing attitudes to contraception, and making it more freely available. It was one of the first books openly to discuss birth control. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class […] From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Corrections? Marie Stopes biography timelines // 1880 To 1892. Her views were radical for the time and generated great publicity. This included attending a conference held in Nazi Germany in 1935. Desperate parents of large families often wrote to Stopes, hoping she could help to limit their family size. Stopes grew up in a wealthy, educated family; her father was an architect, her mother a scholar of Shakespeare and an advocate for the education of women. Posthumously, an English Heritage blue plaque was erected in Upper Norwood, where she lived from 1880 to 1892, in her commemoration. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class degree in 1902. In the 1930s, she was also involved in the Eugenics movement arguing for the forcible sterilisation of those totally unfit for parenthood. Her stance and willingness to protest at places of worship led her into conflict with the Church of England and the Catholic Church. Most of the sources listed are encyclopedic in nature but might be limited to a specific field, such as musicians or film directors. Stopes sued for libel. Stopes would later assert that her marriage was unconsummated and that she knew little about sex when she first married. Marie Stopes is widely lauded today as a feminist hero and women’s rights campaigner. One highly educated lady whom I know intimately told me that when she was about eighteen she suffered many months of agonizing apprehension that she was about to have a baby, because a man had snatched a kiss from her lips at a dance.”.

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