With an estimated population of 2,096,829 as of the July 1, 2019, U.S. Census Bureau estimate, New Mexico is the 36th largest state by population. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. In the colder months of November to March, many cities in New Mexico can have nighttime temperature lows in the teens above zero, or lower. Both contain songs called "Santa Fe" and fixate on the idea of Santa Fe as a place to escape, where the characters can be free from their pasts and the harshness of life in New York and embrace new lives. Among the architects most closely associated with this new style are T. Charles Gaastra and John Gaw Meem. New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and (due to a 19th-century surveying error)[18] 2.2 miles (3.5 kilometres) west of 103°W longitude with Texas. [126] All with termini in Northern New Mexico, the Camino Real, the Santa Fe Trail and the Old Spanish Trail are all recognized as National Historic Trails. It was known by the Tewa inhabitants as Ogha Po'oge ("White Shell Water Place"). As early as the 1980s, former Governor Toney Anaya proposed building a high-speed rail line connecting the two cities with New Mexico's major cities. 59 New Mexico Capital $60,000 jobs available in Albuquerque, NM on Indeed.com. Non-Hispanic Whites were 46.2% of the population.[69]. Santa Fe's ski area, Ski Santa Fe, is about 16 mi (26 km) north of the city. The area of Santa Fe was originally occupied by indigenous Tanoan peoples, who lived in numerous Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande. It runs in the same trace with I-10 and I-25. With the rise of rail transportation many settlements grew or were founded and the territory became a tourist destination. SANTA FE, N.M. (The Santa Fe New Mexican) — New Mexico’s capital city is weighing a series of cost-cutting measures to address a budget deficit as tax revenue and other income take a dive. Mescalero and Jicarilla Apache are closely related Southern Athabaskan languages, and both are also related to Navajo. The two groups struggled for power and the future of the territory. Both Confederate and Union governments claimed ownership and territorial rights over New Mexico Territory. [82], In 1995, the state adopted an official bilingual song, "New Mexico – Mi Lindo Nuevo México". New Mexico has received large amounts of federal government spending on major military and research institutions in the state. They contributed to the founding of the annual Santa Fe Indian Market. Szasz, Ferenc M., and Richard W. Etulain, eds. Additional State Capital Gains Tax Information for New Mexico. New Mexico is currently the second most dependent tax dollar state.[109]. [26], Astronomical observatories in New Mexico take advantage of unusually clear skies, including the Apache Point Observatory, the Very Large Array, the Magdalena Ridge Observatory, and others. They subsist principally on mutton, onions and red pepper. Tourism information is provided by the convention and visitor bureau[65] and the chamber of commerce.[66]. New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (listen); Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [joː˩tʰo˥ ha˩hoː˩tso˩]) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. The 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. Congress established the separate New Mexico Territory in September 1850. Declines in passenger revenue, but not necessarily ridership, prompted many railroads to turn over their passenger services in truncated form to Amtrak, a state owned enterprise. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 89.0 men. Passengers transiting Lamy may use a special connecting coach/van service to reach Santa Fe. In 1581, the Chamuscado and Rodríguez Expedition named the region north of the Rio Grande "San Felipe del Nuevo México". [145], Amtrak's Southwest Chief passes through daily at stations in Gallup, Albuquerque, Lamy, Las Vegas, and Raton, offering connections to Los Angeles, Chicago and intermediate points. [44] It is governed by a mayor-council system. The median age was 40 years. All reviews art collection governor's office new mexico house and senate chambers information desk four floors beautiful building excellent art free tour guided tour local artists legislature capital session government senator dome hallway symbol sculptures visitors politics [184], Silver City, in the southwestern mountains of the state, was originally a mining town, and at least one nearby mine still operates. [149][150][151] Rocket launches began in April 2007. The Sunset Limited makes stops three times a week in both directions at Lordsburg, and Deming, serving Los Angeles, New Orleans and intermediate points. Three secondary targeted industries for Santa Fe to focus development in are health care, retiree services, and food & beverage. Fencing blocks the entrance to an New Mexico State capitol building on Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2021, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. A May 2005 estimate by New Mexico State University is that 11.65% of the state's total employment arises directly or indirectly from military spending. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico. [25], New Mexico's climate is generally semiarid to arid, though areas of continental and alpine climates exist, and its territory is mostly covered by mountains, high plains, and desert. Councilors are elected to staggered four-year terms and one councilor from each district is elected every two years. [144] Front Range Commuter Rail is a project to connect Wyoming and New Mexico with high-speed rail. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.90. The first bomb was tested at Trinity site in the desert between Socorro and Alamogordo on what is now White Sands Missile Range.[37]:179–180. Also 10-15% of the population, mainly in the north, may contain Hispanic Jewish ancestry. 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