The most lavishly decorated tomb ever created in ancient Egypt was constructed for Queen Nefertari, wife of Rameses the Great. The long inscription above the bench is a rather garbled version of 17th Chapter of the Book of the Dead. The function of the small inner room and two side rooms is not yet known because of their great obliteration. The first is that the tomb’s preservation gives scholars a glimpse of the beauty and color that was a part of most royal tombs. Then the queen herself kneels in front of her soul, with hands uplifted in adoration of two juxtaposed lions, between them the sun's disk. One of my most jaw dropping travel experiences involved photographing the tomb of Queen Nefertari in Luxor, Egypt. Nefertari was the royal wife of Pharaoh Ramses II, and her beauty was unmatched. 2. The descent to the underworld is beautifully decorated. The first is that the tomb’s preservation gives scholars a glimpse of the beauty and color that was a part of most royal tombs. The most interesting scene represents the coronation of Nefertari by Isis and Hathor. The lintel over the doorway is decorated with a sundisk setting in the horizon flanked on both sides by Wadjet-Eye. Today Queen Nefertari's final resting place has been resurrected not by divine intervention, but through human skill and concern. The right part of the upper register contains the four "Sons of Horus" accompanied by a fifth apparently Horus himself. Its first bearer was Queen Ahmes-Nefertari, the mother of the Theban Eighteenth Dynasty who may have been the great-grandmother of our queen. Who was the first architect in history to be known by name? This painting is as tall and width as the north wall it is painted on. The east wall of side room is filled with two scenes separated in the center by an up-right standing fan. Some Egyptologists think she was probably a daughter of King Seti 1, and thus sister or half sister of Ramses II. It is carved out from stone walls. Ishani_Modi. As I went through the boxes, I quickly realized the collection was much smalle… The scene is placed in a kiosk made of reeds. She married Ramesses at age of thirteen, who was himself only fifteen, before he became pharaoh. Framed. Time Period Queen Nefertari lived from 1290BC till 1255BC so during her reign in the 19th Egyptian Dynasty, her tomb would’ve been constructed and prepared for her burial. What a civilization created at that time! Download this stock image: Queen Nefertari. The next scenes consist of two figures, one squatted bearded deity who holds a palm branch, the other standing before him holding his two outstretched arms over two squares. The pillars are decorated with the Djad pillar and various deities. Moriarty, D. Chronicle: The Tomb of Queen Nefertari. In 2003 the tomb was closed to the general public. The queen wears a diaphanous linen robe with a long red sash around her waist. The multitude of colors in her tomb is exceptional, especially the lighter ones, set off against the luxurious blacks and blue-whites. But this time, the work was executed in the best manner utilizing the most modern technical and artistic internationally-adopted methods. Hieroglyphics cover the walls and many are passages from the Book of the Dead. The upper register is filled with various scenes, serving as illustrative register of the southern wall containing different scenes. : the cartouches of the Pharaoh are carved on the walls of the chapel (). North face of the recess, the scene shows the goddess Isis leading Queen Nefertari to the right, in the realm of god Khepri. This shrine contains an indication that Queen Nefertari was already married to Ramses II at his accession (1290 BC). Cover/title page: Detail a/Queen Nefertari 0/'1 the north wall of Chamber G. Opening: Tunneled into the northern slope of the necropolis, Nefertari's "house of eternity" is one of the finest tombs ever created by ancient Egypt's master craftsmen. She is one of the best known Egyptian queens, among such women as Cleopatra, Nefertiti, and Hatshepsut. The tomb was closed in 1950 due to threats to the art work, but after extensive restoration from 1988-1992, the tomb was reopened in a restricted fashion to the public. The images and inscriptions on the tomb's walls were meant to insure Queen Nefertari's resurrection and a home among the gods. The walls ot the temple are adorned with various scenes; some represent the pharaoh defeating his enemies while the queen stands behind him, others represent the king and the queen bearing offerings in the presence of the goddesses and deities, asking their blessings. The tomb was again closed in 2003, when evidence that damage from visitors perspiration was causing serious molding of the walls [see right]. It is a copy of Chapter 94 of the Book of the Dead. CopyRights 1996-2021 Tour Egypt. It is one of the best preserved and most ornate of all known tombs.