ZIMBABWE: TIER 2. Within the past several years, the United States has prosecuted multiple sex trafficking cases in which the perpetrator used addiction as a tool of coercion. These efforts included identifying more victims than the previous reporting period, increasing the number of trafficking-specialist … This page shows a sample country narrative. The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department of State. Page 9: Reuters As mentioned earlier, some traffickers recruit directly from addiction treatment facilities, targeting people coming out of detox and inpatient programs, knowing they can exploit the vulnerabilities of these individuals. Through this close partnership with local police, Al-Shehab has provided legal services to 800 victims each year and secured the release of 400 victims due to lack of evidence. Congo, Republic of the For more information about current and past TIP Report Heroes, please visit the TIP Report Heroes Global Network at www.tipheroes.org. While she was initially fearful of speaking with law enforcement, officers were able to investigate the crime with Maria’s help. Tenzing Lahdon Page v: Smita Sharma Individuals with substance use issues seeking recovery have been exploited in addiction treatment situations for sex trafficking and forced labor. As a public law practitioner, Ho began representing a survivor of human trafficking in 2015 to challenge the Hong Kong government’s failure to protect him as a victim of human trafficking. Beginning October 1, 2020, and effective throughout FY 2021, these restrictions will apply to the listed countries, absent a presidential waiver, applicable exception, or reinstatement of assistance pursuant to the terms of the CSPA. Renee Huffman Suriname Iraq Equatorial Guinea Bolivia Laura Svat Rundlet Staff serving as victim rights advocates are now posted in high-risk peacekeeping operations to provide victims with adequate protection, appropriate assistance, and reliable recourse to justice. The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking.. Maurice W. Johnson She manages a hotline for trafficking victims and concerned family members, established in 2006, and another for victims of domestic violence since 2009. Rachel Fox Smothermon Health care professionals can coordinate efforts to identify victims and survivors who are vulnerable to substance use, or present with substance use issues. NATO Human Trafficking Policy (2004) to be up-dated in 2021. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_173057.htm?selectedLocale=en, [Scroll bar is available at the bottom of the table; or download PDF version [69 KB]. Sweden 1107, 6 December (2013), https://www.osce.org/addendum?download=true, OSCE Parliament Assembly Resolution on Responsibility To Combat Human Trafficking in Government Contracts For Goods And Services (2015). Since the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000, we have faced many challenges as a global community, and the TIP Report has been produced throughout all of them. The 2020 TIP Report covers government efforts undertaken from April 1, 2019 through March 31, 2020. All countries must continually increase efforts to combat trafficking. Once the Secretary approves the report and determines tier rankings, the Department submits it to Congress in June and releases it to the public. Page 16: Elisabetta Zavoli Sarah Jennings As early as 2004, the UN drew attention to this issue in its report on sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, highlighting the lack of compliance by troop-sending countries with the UN’s official policy against sexual exploitation and abuse. A of Pub. PDF (50.1MB) Permalink: https://www.state.gov/trafficking-in-persons-report-2020/. Laos Governments could consider: increasing coordination between their youth or child services programs and their sports programs; training consular officers on common indicators or schemes traffickers use within student or sports visas programs; and pursuing partnerships or dialogues with sports agencies and leagues to begin to address this form of human trafficking, such as through nationwide public awareness initiatives. Christine Buchholz Kari A. Johnstone Greece The TIP Report provides a comprehensive view of what the government is doing to combat trafficking in persons. Section 1 lists the countries identified as being in violation of the standards under the CSPA in 2019. Some perpetrators may access children through relationships to families overseas, and others use the appearance of being in a position of trust to gain unsupervised access to children. Portugal Guidelines for journalists reporting on cases of human trafficking: Media and Trafficking in Human Beings (2019): https://www.cbss.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/cbss_media_guidelines_final_compressed.pdf, Task Force Against Trafficking in Human Beings, http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/trafficking/, https://www.coe.int/en/web/anti-hu-man-trafficking/help-online-training-course, 8th General Report on GRETA’s Activities (2018), https://www.coe.int/en/web/anti-human-trafficking/general-reports, Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Joint ECOWAS/ECCAS Regional Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2006-2008), ECOWAS Plan Of Action Against Trafficking In Persons, Especially Women And Children (2018-2022), ECOWAS Strategic Framework For Strengthening National Child Protection Systems To Prevent And Respond To Violence, Abuse And Exploitation Against Children In West Africa (2017), Strategic Plan Of Action For The ECOWAS Child Policy 2019 – 2030, http://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/index.action, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32011L0036, https://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/sites/antitrafficking/files/eu_anti-trafficking_action_2017-2019_at_a_glance.pdf. No reported allegations – NATO relies on contributing countries to report allegations. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Looking Back on Twenty Years of the Trafficking in Persons Report, Faith-Based Efforts To Combat Human Trafficking, Extraterritorial Commercial Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse: Evolving Information and Improving Responses, Reengineering Health Care for Survivors of Human Trafficking, The Intersection of Human Trafficking and Addiction, Funding Restrictions for Tier 3 Countries, Trafficking Victims Protection Act: Minimum Standards for the Elimination of Trafficking in Persons, Ary Varela | Cabo Verde & Natalino Correia | Cabo Verde, Stopping Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by International Peacekeepers and Civilian Personnel, International, Regional, and Sub-Regional Organizations Combating Trafficking In Persons, Multilateral Organizations Combating Trafficking in Persons, Annual Report on the Use of Child Soldiers, Sections 405(c) and (d) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act (CSPA) of 2008 (22 U.S.C. For 20 years, the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report) has demonstrated the United States’ conviction that human trafficking is a global threat necessitating a global response. Turkmenistan The last 20 years have shown that criminalizing all forms of human trafficking and providing victims with access to comprehensive care require commitment and time. This information allows other countries to press governments for investigations and accountability against the perpetrators. In one recent case, the owner of a chain of sober living facilities was convicted of sex trafficking individuals in such facilities. The Gambia The danger of retraumatization as a trigger during early recovery can precipitate a survivor’s re-exploitation. (Tier 2 Watch List) June 26, 2020. For players offered a position on a team, the traffickers posing as agents have already established a relationship with the athlete and are well-positioned to control the course of the athlete’s career. They reach across international borders, spanning continents with a powerful network of followers with tremendous reach – from remote villages to capital cities and the seats of power. Colonel Rigzin has developed innovative practices for compiling human trafficking-related data and was responsible for establishing a human trafficking awareness program for Bhutanese citizens traveling overseas for employment. In June, the 2020 US Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) was released. For over two decades, he has advanced Malawi’s anti-trafficking movement and is recognized nationally as a leading and trustworthy subject matter expert. The report has drawn attention to trends and emerging issues, highlighted promising practices, and tracked the progression of important developments, such as the passage of comprehensive anti-trafficking laws and improvements in victim identification efforts. List of Waivers or Exceptions Exercised under Section 404(a). This truncated narrative gives a few examples. The original three-tier ranking system was created to indicate how well other governments complied with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking laid out in the law. Kerry McBride Australia Clinics should be aware of ways medical care can re-traumatize a survivor, such as through invasive procedures, removal of clothing, embarrassing or distressing personal questions, the gender of the health care provider, and the power dynamics of the doctor/patient relationship. To mitigate some of these consequences, FIFA established a task force to recommend regulatory changes for intermediaries, including a potential return to a central licensing system through FIFA and creation of a clearing house to process payments associated with player transfers, such as agent commissions. Among other steps, governments must end state-sponsored forced labor; they must increase prosecutions of human traffickers; and they should expand their efforts to identify and care for trafficking victims, while ensuring they are not punished for crimes traffickers compelled them to commit. They then used the threat of withdrawal—which causes extreme pain and suffering and can be fatal without medical supervision—to control the victims and coerce them to engage in commercial sex, compounding the victims’ trauma. Using her mandate to stop all forms of human trafficking and abuse, Stabiņa worked within current systems to reduce labor exploitation and ensure victims had care and were protected during law enforcement processes. Description and Amount of Assistance Withheld Pursuant to Section 404(a). Even though the lack of accountability for public officials complicit in sexual exploitation and abuse is not limited to peacekeepers, the international community must increase pressure on governments to hold accountable those who participate in multinational forces to maintain peace and protect vulnerable populations under the auspices of the UN, NATO, or other organizations. The current culture of impunity threatens to tarnish irreparably the important mission of peacekeepers. China Many people around the world dream of becoming professional athletes, drawn by the fame, multi-million-dollar contracts, lucrative brand sponsorships, and opportunities to travel around the world. 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report – Taiwan Taiwan (Tier 1) Taiwan authorities fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Karen Vierling Allen Mark Carlson Its efficacy depends on consensus around the idea that everyone has inherent value and human dignity requires that they be free. Adrienne Sgarlato That event marks the culmination of an entire year of activity dedicated to diplomatic engagement built around the tier rankings and country narrative recommendations, as well as the production of the report itself. Honduras Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 Last Thursday, the Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 was released by the U.S. Department of State. Jocelyn Harrison Although diplomatic engagement on human trafficking occurs year-round, the process for drafting the TIP Report begins in the fall, when the Department of State’s TIP Office requests information from U.S. embassies regarding the profile of human trafficking in that country and efforts of the government to combat it. The assessment tool and related survivor-informed training are available online to health care professionals on HEAL Trafficking’s website. Others reflect policy priorities and efforts to provide clarification and justification for the tier rankings and country narratives. In Senegal, religious leaders and local authorities in several municipalities are engaged in efforts to reduce and eradicate forced child begging. An older acquaintance offered him a well-paying job abroad, which he declined. To turn the tide, action must accompany words. In human trafficking cases, the relationship between victim and trafficker may involve trauma bonding, a phenomenon that is beginning to receive increased attention. NOTES: Local currencies have been converted to U.S. dollars ($) using the currency exchange rates reported by the U.S. Department of the Treasury on December 31, 2019. Standardization for assessing trauma bonding can help identify red flag indicators and establish response protocols. Veronica left her indigenous community in Colombia for a domestic service position in the capital city, Bogotá. Substance use disorder and addiction are terms used here to describe the stage of the condition where a person’s brain and body are chemically dependent on a substance. Additional assistance will be obligated during FY 2020. International Military Education and Training (IMET) Medical and behavioral health professionals already caring for populations at high risk for human trafficking are incorporating training on human trafficking to enhance prevention and quality of care. Kosovo Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 June 25, 2020 Secretary Pompeo, joined by Ivanka Trump and Ambassador John Cotton Richmond, unveiled the 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report and honored TIP Report Heroes on June 25 at the State Department. Michelle Cooper Bloom Alternatively, the President may waive application of all or part of the foregoing restrictions upon a determination that the provision to a Tier 3 country of such assistance would promote the purposes of the TVPA or is otherwise in the national interest of the United States. A coalition of more than 300 global institutional investors with more than $500 billion in managed assets, it uses the power of shareholder advocacy to engage companies to identify, mitigate, and address social and environmental risks associated with corporate operations, including human trafficking. Anna Cornacchio In 2017, media alleged peacekeepers exploited nine Haitian children in a sex trafficking ring. Maria felt very lucky when she was recruited from her northern island in the Philippines to an eldercare position in Southern California. She has also provided trainings to colleagues and government officials on human trafficking as part of her tireless work to strengthen anti-trafficking efforts in the country. Faith-based efforts to combat human trafficking take many forms and operate in different ways, adapting to a particular context or sector, or to the culture of the communities and countries in which they serve. Ho provides trainings and seminars to the legal community in Hong Kong on ways to protect trafficking victims. Page 10: Elisabetta Zavoli Applicable assistance restrictions apply for the next fiscal year, which begins October 1, 2020. I am so proud of all who lead us forward in this work, especially our TIP Report Heroes who model the courageous leadership we need for the road ahead. The Department of State prepared this report using information from U.S. embassies, government officials, nongovernmental and international organizations, published reports, news articles, academic studies, research trips to every region of the world, and information submitted to tipreport@state.gov. Page 26: Elisabetta Zavoli India Page 11: Smita Sharma Internationally, experts recognize both the short- and long-term health consequences as well as the public health burden of human trafficking. Yet neither governments nor international sports federations or national sports leagues have successfully addressed the growing incidence of human trafficking of athletes. Haiti OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas: http://www.oecd.org/daf/inv/mne/mining.htm. Peru Tajikistan Rigorous, methodologically sound, and impartial research into the frequency of trauma bonding will support improved understanding among practitioners and more effective policies and services. Page 47: Getty Images Kathy Unlu Forbidden from leaving his work site, Madhu had no choice but to work 12-hour shifts packaging chemicals under hazardous conditions. Burundi Traffickers are denying nearly 25 million people their fundamental right to freedom, forcing them to live enslaved and toil for their exploiter’s profit. They can issue calls to action that cut across borders, cultures, ethnicities, and economic classes. The Secretary General established a Civil Society Advisory Board on pre-vention of SEA in February 2019 to advise him on strengthening UN engagement with civil soci-ety organizations. Some traffickers recruit directly from detox and addiction treatment facilities. On June 25, 2020, Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo delivered remarks at the 2020 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report launch ceremony and honored this year’s TIP Report Heroes. After she escaped and a prosecutor brought charges against Veronica’s employer, the court ruled that Veronica was a victim of domestic servitude and a survivor of human trafficking. Alistratova has also dedicated herself to establishing an informal referral framework for local authorities, teachers, social service providers, and NGOs to provide legal, psychological, and other critical support to vulnerable women and their children. Traffickers may take on a role of protector to maintain control of the victim, create confusion, and develop a connection or attachment, which may include the victim feeling a sense of loyalty to or love for the trafficker. In their official capacities, Varela and Correia handled the case with extreme sensitivity and caution, working closely with an international organization to ensure the victims were protected and their teams conducted the investigation correctly. Emily A. Korenak Iraq The OSCE is providing workshops and training to participating States on financial investigations into trafficking, using technology to combat trafficking, preventing trafficking in organizations’ supply chains, and identifying trafficking victims. Whether the government of the country vigorously investigates and prosecutes acts of severe forms of trafficking in persons, and convicts and sentences persons responsible for such acts, that take place wholly or partly within the territory of the country, including, as appropriate, requiring incarceration of individuals convicted of such acts. Alistratova later adapted Interaction to serve not only victims of trafficking but also victims of domestic violence. ], Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labor. Efforts focused on training both government and private sector actors and raising awareness. As we have continued our work during the COVID-19 pandemic, traffickers have continued as well. When Mary was in second grade, she stopped attending school just before final exams. The Trafficking in Persons Report by the US Department of State for 2020 has been released. Sudan NGOs, hospitals, government entities, and other stakeholders can build partnerships with survivors who have lived experience of substance use disorder and recovery, with survivor experts in diverse fields, and with survivor-led organizations, and can support survivors who are raising awareness about this issue. Given their unique reach, they are well positioned to inspire spiritual and practical action to help respond to and prevent human trafficking. Fiji The ratio between risk and reward is expanding in their favor. [107 KB] [Click image for larger PDF version [107 KB]]. Since 2010, the Department has invited the Heroes to Washington, DC, for the launch of the TIP Report and to receive an award from the Secretary of State. Traffickers may isolate and threaten victims, induce exhaustion, and interfere with their believed or real ability to escape. State Department releases 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report Now in it’s 20th year, t he Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. In addition, societal stigma and self-stigma may deter an individual from seeking help. Indeed, Tier 1 represents a responsibility rather than a reprieve.

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